(中学篇)2018年第03期:中学生英语词缀知识发展情况研究(甘肃:高育松、薛小梅)一文涉及的高考试题

 
2017年高考英语全国II卷第二部分第二节短文填空

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
 
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
 
In 1863 the first underground passenger railway in the world opened in London. It ran for just under seven kilometers and allowed people to avoid terrible   41   (crowd) on the roads above as they travelled to and  42  word. It took three years to complete and was built using an interesting method. This included digging up the road,  43  (lay) the track and then building a strong roof over  44  top. When all those had been done, the road surface was replaced.
 
Steam engines  45  (use) to pull the carriages and it must have been  46  (fair) unpleasant for the passengers, with all the smoke and noise. However, the railway quickly proved to be a great success and within six months, more than 25,000 people were using  47  every day.
 
Later, engineers  48  (manage) to construct railways in a system of deep tunnels (隧道), which became known to the tube. This development was only possible with the  49  (introduce) of electric-powered engines and lifts. The central London Railway was one of the most  50  (success) of these new lines, and was opened in 1900. It had white-painted tunnels and bright red carriages, and proved extremely popular with the public.