语言技能

(小学篇)2018年第09期:运用支架提高学生听说读写能力的探讨(江苏:邱丽华;附PDF下载)

 
    【摘   要】利用支架训练学生的语言技能是提升学生语言运用能力的重要途径。教师在教学中可以为学生搭建问题支架、图示支架、情境支架和范例支架等,在语言实践活动中训练并提高学生的听、说、读、写能力和综合语言运用能力。
 
    【关键词】问题支架;图示支架;情境支架;范例支架;语言技能 
 
 
义务教育阶段英语课程的总目标是:通过英语学习使学生形成初步的综合语言运用能力,促进心智发展,提高综合人文素养(教育部,2012)。语言技能是语言运用能力的重要组成部分,主要包括听、说、读、写等方面的技能以及这些技能的综合运用。学生应通过大量专项和综合性的技能训练及语言实践活动,提高其综合语言运用能力。这需要教师精心设计教学环节,为学生创设语言运用的情境,并在语言学习和技能训练的过程中提供有效的教学支持,即在挖掘学生最近发展区的基础上,通过搭建不同形式的学习支架来帮助学生理解和运用所学语言。
 
一、搭建问题支架,提高学生的听力理解能力
 
听力理解能力是多数学生英语学习的短板,特别是在听有多个话轮的对话或文段时,学生往往会有一定的障碍。

(中学篇)2015年第12期:基于高中英语阅读文本的诗歌创作教学设计(北京:蒋炎富)一文涉及的教材内容

A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN'T SLEEP
 
Strange things were happening in the countryside of northeast Hebei. For three days the water in the village wells rose and fell, rose and fell. Farmers noticed that the well walls had deep cracks in them. A smelly gas came out of the cracks. In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. Fish jumped out of their bowls and ponds. At about 3:00 am on July 28,1976, some people saw bright lights in the sky. The sound of planes could be heard outside the city of Tangshan even when no planes were in the sky. In the city, the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst, but the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, were asleep as usual that night.
 
At 3:42 am everything began to shake.
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