支架

(小学篇)2019年第07期:支架理论指导下的小学英语写作教学实践(江苏:曹伟华;附PDF下载)

 
【摘   要】写是语言技能的重要组成部分,也是学生语言运用能力的综合体现。本文结合教学案例,分析了英语写作教学中借助不同类型支架,引导学生提升写作能力的策略,包括搭建情境支架,激发写作动机;搭建范例支架,发展写作技能;搭建图表支架,建构写作框架;搭建协作支架,共建写作作品。
 
【关键词】支架式教学;支架;写作教学 
 
 
一、引言
 
《义务教育英语课程标准(2011年版)》(教育部,2012)明确指出,语言技能是语言运用能力的重要组成部分,主要包括听、说、读、写等方面的技能以及对这些技能的综合运用。综观小学英语课堂,大部分教师对学生听、说、读技能的培养明显多于对写这一技能的培养,学生写的能力也明显弱于听、说、读的能力。而要提高学生写的能力,需要教师关注写作教学,加强对学生写作过程的指导。
 
二、支架式教学理论
 
支架式教学理论基于维果茨基提出的最近发展区理论。

(中学篇)2016年第02期:运用支架理论提高高中英语阅读教学的有效性(河南:陈亚红、赵旭辉)一文涉及的教学内容

 
A Student of African Wildlife
 

It is 5:45 am and the sun is just rising over GombeNational Park in East Africa. Following Jane's way of studying chimps, our group are all going to visit them in the forest. Jane has studied these families of chimps for many years and helped people understand how much they behave like humans. Watching a family of chimps wake up is our first activity of the day. This means going back to the place where we left the family sleeping in a tree the night before. Everybody sits and waits in the shade of the trees while the family begins to wake up and move off. Then we follow as they wander into the forest. Most of the time, chimps either feed or clean each other as a way of showing love in their family. Jane warns us that our group is going to be very tired and dirty by the afternoon and she is right. However, the evening makes it all worthwhile. We watch the mother chimp and her babies play in the tree. Then we see them go to sleep together in their nest for the night.

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