阅读教学

(小学篇)2011年第11期:思维导图在小学英语阅读教学中的应用(北京:范冰)

思维导图在小学英语阅读教学中的应用
 
北京大学附属小学    范冰
 
【摘 要】如何在小学高年级有效地开展英语阅读教学一直是困扰一线英语教师的难题。本文结合将思维导图引入小学高年级英语阅读教学的实践,通过案例研究的方式探寻思维导图在小学高年级英语阅读教学中的应用。
【关键词】思维导图,阅读教学,案例研究
 
       一、研究背景
       阅读是英语学习中不可或缺的一部分,如何提高英语阅读教学的实效性是近年来一直困扰许多一线小学英语教师的教学难题。笔者任教学校所使用的《小学英语》(清华大学出版社,下同)中,高年级的教材内容基本以语篇阅读为主,阅读材料的内容覆盖面广,涉及节日、科学知识、人物传记等。这样的阅读材料由于缺少有趣的故事情节和图片,很难激发学生的阅读兴趣。有些学生虽然对阅读材料的话题很感兴趣,但因语言能力不足,在朗读、复述课文内容时存在困难。
       以6A Unit 3 Interesting Holidays的教学为例,该单元文章篇幅较长,学生对文章结构的分析及文章内容的理解存在困难。不少教师在教学时习惯于将课文内容从词到句逐一解析,讲解细致入微,唯独缺少让学生思考和运用语言的机会。长此以往,学生渐渐养成了学习的惰性,期待着教师将学习内容“嚼碎”了之后自己再“吞咽”下去;课堂气氛沉闷,学生学习积极性不高,教学效率较低。
    二、思维导图的概念
       思维导图(Mind Map)是由托尼·巴赞(Tony Buzan)于20世纪60年代提出的。他在《思维导图:放射性思维》一书中对思维导图是这样定义的:“思维导图是放射性思维的表达方式,因此也是人类思维的自然功能。

(中学篇)2019年第08期:例谈高中英语阅读教学中的词汇处理(江苏:陈玉松)一文涉及的教学文本

 
Dying to be thin ...
 
Hi Zhou Ling
 
How are you? I haven't heard from you for weeks. Is everything OK with you?
 
Do you still go to the gym every day? I used to go to the gym three times a week, but I don't work out any more. I know another way to stay slim. Looking good is important to women, isn't it? Most young women want a slim figure these days, especially here in Canada.

(中学篇)2019年第07期:ReQuest策略在初中英语阅读教学中的运用 (浙江:方露辉)一文涉及的教学材料

 
The Magic Paintbrush
 
Liz Miles
 
Every day, Ho looked after a rich farmer's cattle. He took hay to the field.
 
The farmer did not pay him much. Ho had only dry bread to eat. One day a very thin, old man came up the lane. He looked hungry. Ho gave his bread to the man.

(中学篇)2019年第06期:高中英语阅读教学中自主阅读能力的培养(浙江:贵丽萍)一文涉及的教学内容

 
Malala Yousafzai is a young woman from Pakistan who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014. She is famous around the world for speaking out against the Taliban—an extremist organization that believes women have no right to education.
 
Malala has been speaking and blogging about the Taliban since she was just 11 years old. In the area where she and her family lived, the Taliban had banned television and music. And girls were not permitted to go to school. They destroyed schools for girls and even stopped women from going shopping. The extremists hated Malala because she was speaking out against them.

(中学篇)2019年第05期:在高中英语阅读教学中实践英语学习活动观(北京:赵悦、毕勤)一文设计的教学材料

 
改编的教学材料
 
From Page to Screen
 
By James Hope
 
Reading a book and watching a film are two very different experiences, but it's normal to have high expectations when a film of a favourite book is made.

(中学篇)2019年第04期:注重文本解读的高中英语阅读教学——以阅读课“Strangers under the Some Roof?”为例(安徽:张俊国、胡晓英、李季、胡月华)一文涉及的教学内容

 
Strangers under the Same Roof?
 
Does every dinner with your parents seem to turn into a battle? Have your once warm and open conversations become cold and guarded? Do you feel that you just cannot see eye to eye with them on anything? You are not alone. Heated arguments and cold silences are common between teenagers and their parents.
 
Teenagers’ physical changes may result in such family tensions. You may feel anxious that you are developing at a different rate to your friends, shooting up in height or getting left far behind. You might worry about your changing voice, weight problems or spots.

(中学篇)2019年第04期:在阅读教学中培养学生批判性思维能力的策略(福建:廖成銮)一文涉及的教学内容

 
Western Diet Bad for Human Health and Environment
 
[From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report] January 06, 2015
 
 
[A Chinese man takes a photo with Ronald McDonald at a McDonald's fast restaurant in China's northern Liaoning province.

(中学篇)2019年第04期:基于英语学习活动观的高中英语阅读教学设计解析(北京:孙晓慧、钱小芳、王蔷、康亮)一文涉及的教学内容

 
How Daisy Learned to Help Wildlife
 
Daisy had always longed to help endangered species of wildlife. One day she woke up and found a flying carpet by her bed. “Where do you want to go?” it asked. Daisy responded immediately. “I'd like to see some endangered wildlife,” she said. “Please take me to a distant land where I can find the animal that gave fur to make this sweater.” At once the carpet flew away and took her to Tibet. There Daisy saw an antelope looking sad. It said, “We're being killed for the wool beneath our stomachs. Our fur is being used to make sweaters for people like you. As a result, we are now an endangered species.” At that Daisy cried, “I'm sorry I didn't know that. I wonder what is being done to help you.

(中学篇)2019年第04期:初中英语阅读教学层级性问题的设计与应用(吉林:苏立平)一文涉及的教学内容

 
Save the Sharks!
 
Many have heard of shark fin soup. This famous and expensive dish is especially popular in southern China. But do you realize that you're killing a whole shark each time you enjoy a bowl of shark fin soup?
 
When people catch sharks, they cut off their fins and throw the shark back into the ocean. This is not only cruel, but also harmful to the environment. Without a fin, a shark can no longer swim and slowly dies. Sharks are at the top of the food chain in the ocean's ecosystem. If their numbers drop too low, it will bring danger to all ocean life. Many believe that sharks can never be endangered because they are the strongest in their food chain.

(中学篇)2019年第03期:综合视野下尊重学习者阅读生成过程的高中英语阅读教学——以The Paradox of Choice教学为例(浙江:曹军喜)一文涉及的教学内容

 
The Paradox1 of Choice
 
When I was a kid, we had three television channels, two churches, two kinds of cheese (mild or strong) and one telephone. The black box served no other purpose than making calls, and that did us just fine. In contrast2, anyone who enters a phone store today runs the risk of being completely defeated3 by far too many brands, models and contract options4. There has never been more choice.
 
It is true that selection measures progress, but there is a limit: Option floods5 can destroy our quality of life.

(中学篇)2019年第03期:高中英语阅读教学中高阶思维能力的培养(福建:许志鸿)一文涉及的教学内容

 
 
COMMUNICATION: NO PROBLEM?
 
Yesterday, another student and I, representing our university's student association, went to the Capital International Airport to meet this year's international students. They were coming to study at Beijing University. We would take them first to their dormitories and then to the student canteen. After half an hour of waiting for their flight to arrive, I saw several young people enter the waiting area looking around curiously. I stood for a minute watching them and then went to greet them.
 
The first person to arrive was Tony Garcia from Colombia, closely followed by Julia Smith from Britain. After I met them and then introduced them to each other, I was very surprised. Tony approached Julia, touched her shoulder and kissed her on the cheek! She stepped back appearing surprised and put up her hands, as if in defence. I guessed that there was probably a major misunderstanding.
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