文本解读

(中学篇)2018年第10期:谈核心素养培养视域下的文本解读和阅读活动设计——以一节一课三构课为例(浙江:吕秋萍)一文涉及的教学内容


What Do No. 5 High School Students Do in Their Free Time?
 
Last month we asked our students about their free time activities. Our questions were about exercise, use of the Internet and watching TV. Here are the results.
 
We found that only fifteen percent of our students exercise every day. Forty-five percent exercise four to six times a week. Twenty percent exercise only one to three times a week.

(小学篇)2018年第08期:基于整体视角解读文本的小学英语阅读教学实践(江苏:顾洁;附PDF下载)

 
 
    【摘 要】整体把握文本是阅读教学的重点,是提高阅读能力、提升英语学科素养的钥匙。教师在阅读教学中要树立整体把握文本的意识,并运用整体观念来指导英语阅读教学。本文结合具体教学案例,阐述了基于整体视角实施阅读教学的有效策略,旨在全面提升学生的英语阅读能力。
 
    【关键词】整体视角;文本解读;阅读教学
 
 
 
阅读是语言学习的关键一环,它对学生语言运用能力的形成至关重要。有研究表明,外语阅读有利于学生的语言发展,有利于其阅读能力、写作能力、词汇能力、语法使用能力、口语和听的能力的发展(Krashen, 2004)。
 
对于同一个文本,每个人都会有不同的解读,进而对文本的理解也不尽相同。Goodman(2005)提出的全语言教学理论(Whole Language Approach)强调,语言是整体的,是不可割裂的,否则就破坏了语言的整体性。他认为,语言学习就是应该从整体到部分,这不仅因为“整体总是大于部分之和,部分的价值只有在整体的活动中才能实现”,还因为离开了整体语境的单词、语句都是没有意义的。基于全语言教学理论,教师在处理阅读文本时,也应采用基于整体视角的文本解读法,即通过对文本整体的把握,将文本中出现的因素总结和提炼出来,使文本的解读准确且快捷。

(中学篇)2018年第05期:阅读教学中段落深度加工策略探讨(山东:吕萌、秦涛)一文涉及的教学材料

 

[案例1]人教版《英语》(下同)必修1 Unit 4 Earthquake中的阅读文本A Night the Earth Didn't Sleep


 


[案例2]必修3 Unit 2 Healthy Eating中的阅读文本Come and Eat Here



[案例3]必修2 Unit 4 Wildlife Protection中的阅读文本How Daisy Learned to Help Wildlife


(中学篇)2018年第05期:阅读教学中段落深度加工策略探讨(山东:吕萌、秦涛;附PDF下载)

 
【摘  要】段落理解影响到学生对语篇微观结构和宏观结构的掌握程度。目前阅读教学中,段落处理简单肤浅,不利于发展学生的阅读思维。本文从评判、推断、归纳段落信息三个维度探讨了深度加工段落的可行性策略与途径。 
 
【关键词】阅读教学;段落;段落加工;文本解读 
 
 
一、引言
 
阅读是语言与思维相互作用的过程。段落是整个阅读语篇主体架构的一个意义单位,是阅读文本主题意义序列中的一个信息片段。英语思维模式影响英语语篇的生成和发展。连淑能(2006)指出,英语用词、造句、成章的最大特点是采用形合法,重形式结构协调,多用或常用关联词语,注重形式接应,前呼后应,显性衔接,以形显义,以形统意,以法摄神。这种思维特质体现在段落的组织、展开与联结上,使段落解析成为发展学生阅读思维的触发点。

(中学篇)2017年第05期:基于文本解读的阅读课教学设计策略(江苏:刘林峰、谢平)一文涉及的教学内容

 
The Smile
 
Antoine de Saint-Exupery
 
I was sure that I was to be killed. I became terribly nervous and distraught. I fumbled (摸索) in my pockets to see if there were any cigarettes which had escaped their search. I found one and because of my shaking, I could barely get it to my lips. But I had no matches; they had taken those.
 
I looked through the bars at the jailer. He did not make eye contact with me. After all, one does not make eye contact with a thing, a corpse.

(中学篇)2017年第05期:基于英语学科核心素养的高中英语阅读教学研究(北京:王蓓)一文涉及的教学内容

 
Elias’ Story
 
My name is Elias. I am a poor black worker in South Africa. The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life. I was twelve years old. It was in 1952 and Mandela was the black lawyer to whom I went for advice. He offered guidance to poor black people on their legal problems. He was generous with his time, for which I was grateful.
 
I needed his help because I had very little education. I began school at six. The school where I studied for only two years was three kilometers away. I had to leave because my family could not continue to pay the school fees and the bus fare. I could not read or write well. After trying hard, I got a job in a gold mine.

(小学篇)2017年第04期:小学英语绘本阅读教学中的文本解读(北京:闫赤兵;附PDF下载)

 
【摘   要】越来越多的英语教师认识到绘本阅读对学生学习和发展的重要意义,并在教学实践中进行了积极尝试。但是由于教师对绘本的解读不到位,影响了教学的设计与实施。本文分析了教师在绘本解读中存在的问题,并提出了绘本解读的方法。
 
【关键词】绘本阅读;文本解读;阅读教学 
 
 
一、引言
 
英文绘本阅读能够为学生提供完整的学习经验。每一个绘本都是一个相对完整、独立的故事,而故事本身就是一个整体的语言应用范例,能让学生直接感受语言的魅力。学生阅读绘本故事所收获的不只是对故事内容的理解,还包括对词汇、语句、语法的积累与运用,对语意的辨析以及良好的阅读策略等。多样化的绘本题材可以扩展学生的生活体验,精美的图画和内蕴丰富的情节能吸引学生的注意力,激发他们对阅读和英语学习的兴趣。

(中学篇)2017年第03期:例谈补充阅读在高中英语课堂教学中的应用(浙江:王轶丽)一文涉及的教学内容(附:带修订标记版PDF下载)

 
附录:
 
 
Pre-reading
 
Pete Hamill (born June 24, 1935) is an American journalist, novelist, editor and educator. Widely traveled and having written on various topics, he is perhaps best known for his career as a New York City journalist.

(中学篇)2016年第08期:例谈高中英语读后续写的教学(浙江:蒋建君)一文涉及的教学内容

 
普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语科考试说明(高考综合改革试验省份试用)(第一版)样题
 
第二节:读后续写(满分25分)
 
阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。
 
A funny thing happened to Arthur when he was on the way to work one day. As he walked along Park Avenue near the First National Bank, he heard the sound of someone trying to start a car. He tried again and again but couldn't get the car moving. Arthur turned and looked inside at the face of a young man who looked worried. Arthur stopped and asked, “It looks like you've got a problem,” Arthur said.
 
“I'm afraid so.

(中学篇)2015年第09期:体现学生、文本和语用的阅读课第二课时教学实践与探索(江苏:刘建;附PDF下载)

【摘  要】目前阅读课第二课时教学中普遍缺失学生、文本和语用立场,这导致课堂教学缺少“热度”、授课内容缺乏深度、教学方法缺失效度等问题。本文结合具体教学案例阐述了实施阅读课第二课时应注意的一些方面:教学应发挥学生的主体性作用,应重视对文本话题的深层解读与拓展,应基于文本语言知识进行有效操练,以此提高阅读课第二课时的教学实效。

(小学篇)2014年第11期:教材文本的故事性解读(广西:钟敏)

【摘 要】教材文本的解读不仅需要关注教学的关键项,而且还需要关注教材中文字以外的内容所传递和隐含的信息。教师可以通过自己对故事的猜想和设计将文本中显性和隐性的信息串联起来,富有趣味地解读教材,凸显语言的魅力和文本的吸引力,让学生对教材文本产生由衷的热爱,并在品读赏析、迁移运用中提高英语语言运用能力。
 
【关键词】教材文本;文本解读;故事
 
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